Optical Discs in India

A case for optical discs in India

Optical discs today have become the industry standard for:

  • Storage and transportation of data
  • Backups and archival
  • Distribution of music, films, educational and devotional content, games, software and much more.

Since the first plant for production of Compact Discs (CDs) was established in August 1982 and the first commercial sale of Digital Video Discs (DVDs) in 1996, the optical disc has revolutionised many industries through its inherent merits:

  • High storage capacity compared to the magnetic medium like floppy discs, audio and video cassettes etc
  • Longer life because of lack of friction. Unlike a magnetic medium, there is minimal friction and wear-and-tear while using an optical disc. This means a virtually permanent life.
  • Low costs considering the obvious merits of the medium.


  • Nearly half of India’s consumption of CD-Rs and DVD-Rs today is imported. Of the balance more than half is accounted for by the grey market.
  • India’s largest manufacturer, with over 150 lines for manufacturing CDs and DVDs, does not account for even half of India’s organized consumption. The demand today far outweighs the supply.
  • Bangalore is considered the ‘Silicon Valley’ and IT capital of India. South India constitutes a major share of India’s thriving film and music industries.
  • Still, there is no plant in Bangalore for either manufacturing pre-recorded CDs or for record able CD-R / DVD-R
  • The one plant in Chennai is situated in a 100% export zone and hence cannot cater to the growing domestic market.